This paper focuses on the figured Masorah notes, their location, shape and content. From a joint analysis of the form and content it is possible to conclude that the main purpose behind writing the Masorah in figured patterns in M1 is a practical one: Sefarad 76 Publication Date: Use and Function more. The sign like a large final nun that appears in the margins of some early manuscripts has been considered another way of expressing the ketib-qere phenomenon. The analysis and study of the more than five hundred occurrences located in The analysis and study of the more than five hundred occurrences located in the Cairo Codex of the Prophets question this explanation and make it possible to define its use and explain its function in the context of this codex.
According to this analysis, the marginal nun is related to the consonantal text without any reference to the reading tradition; its function is to warn that something happens in the consonantal text but not to explain it; and finally, its use in the Cairo Codex is determined by the probability that the spelling of a word might lead to a serious error in understanding.
Vetus Testamentum 65, pp. The Correspondence between Paul E. They cover the period 23 July to 19 April But most of the content remains still unknown. The present paper aims to describe all the letters with the special attention to the research and editorial projects discussed on them.
The Current State of Masoretic Studies more. Since then, Masoretic studies have undergone a true renaissance.metzbaromenel.gq/the-romance-of-lust-a.php
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The publications on Masoretic issues The publications on Masoretic issues have proliferated, and the importance of the Masorah for the study of the text of the Hebrew Bible has been stressed in numerous reviews. This brief survey presents the evolution of Masoretic studies, the main research lines and achievements, and some of the most relevant works in the last forty years.
They modify the general view on the number, the They modify the general view on the number, the representation and the formula of this phenomenon and show that it is more complex than what has been described up to now. Text Preserving Observations in the midrash Ruth Rabbah more. This article presents a study of the eighteen identified cases in the midrash Ruth Rabbah in which a textual detail is commented in the language of the Masorah.
The identified cases deal with diverse textual features. The treatment given to these textual features in the midrash and the structure of the cases is very homogeneous. Apart from one case, all the textual information recorded in them is endorsed by the Masora. These results stress the value of the literary production of the rabbis in the reconstruction of the history of the biblical text. Journal of Jewish Studies Masoretic and Rabbinic Lights on the Word habi, Ruth 3: This suggestion is based on relevant information on the spelling and gender of the word, This suggestion is based on relevant information on the spelling and gender of the word, that has been ignored in the explanation commonly given to it.
The masoretic rubrics given as Appendices in the codex M1 Z from the Complutensian University Library were known up until now through the description by Ch. In the light of the manuscript, his description presents some In the light of the manuscript, his description presents some problems concerning the identity of the appendices. Journal of Northwest Semitic Language Continuity of the Tradition: Masorah with Midrashic Explanations more. This article examines three masoretic lists with midrashic explanations placed in appendix IV of codex M1 from the Complutensian University Library.
The study shows the original final form of these three lists and their content suggests The study shows the original final form of these three lists and their content suggests that the traditions that present textual commentaries in the midrashim up until medieval times coexisted with the Masorah. Journal of Semitic Studies This analysis will enable us to establish its specific use in the This analysis will enable us to establish its specific use in the midrash.
All the examples can be splited in two groups according to the element commented: The function of this technique is also different in each group: Suggestions from their Practice more.
Each middah in these lists is named by Each middah in these lists is named by a standard formula and illustrated by typical examples, in which it is applied according to the stereotype. They offer a uniform view of the middot and present the rabbinic interpretation as a fixed system. Even when it is known that these lists are only a compilation of some of the exegetical techniques used in that period, this uniform overview has been assumed in the studies devoted to them.
Except for some examples2, most of these studies have described the middot by merely giving some illustrative examples chosen from different midrashim that contain the characteristic literary formulations. Such approaches failed to appreciate their variations and their different forms. Furthermore, the studies focusing on the middot assumed the division of the collections in ones utilized for the halakhic exposition 7 of Hillel and 13 of Ishmael and those for haggadic interpretation 32 of Eliezer and the different classifications of rabbinic texts Tannaitic versus Amoraic, haggadic versus halakhic and exegetical versus homiletic Midrash.
As a consequence, most of the studies have focused on the tannaitic halakhic midrashim and have usually excluded the 32 middot of Eliezer3. Therefore, these conclusions are partial and, sometimes, wrong or insufficient. I realized all of these problems as I started studying Genesis Rabbah, with the main aim of carrying out a systematic study of all the hermeneutical techniques involved and their function as far as the exegesis is concerned.
The first step of my research consisted in investigating the text in order to identify the techniques, apparently an easy task because I just needed to follow the definitions already given to them. But soon, I noticed that their definition and their application were two different things. In the midrash in question, most of the techniques are applied with no formula to indicate which rule is being applied, and even in the cases where a technique is applied in an explicit way, usually rather than mentioning its name, that is to say the traditional formula, an alternative formula or a technical term is mentioned.
Not only was I confronted with formal differences, but with differences in application methods as well. In some cases the technique defined by an alternative formula presents an application method which differs from the one used when the same technique is defined by the traditional formula for example, in remez. The identification and exam of them will enable us, firstly, to establish their specific use in each midrash, and secondly, once all the midrashim are analyzed, to draw more complete conclusions about each technique and middah.
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This article offers the first step of such a systematic analysis of the Mekhilta de Rabbi Ishmael: Due to the huge number of techniques used on it, I concentrate here only on those, which present meaningful variations with respect to the general procedure. Comments on Textual Details: Relationships between Masorah and Midrash more. The excepcionality of this list lies upon the exegetical commentaries which follow each In most of the cases the commentaries are attested by the Midrash.
Ysmael in which a textual detail is commented in the language of the Masorah. The results of these The present paper examines all the examples of the midrash Lamentations Rabbah in which a textual detail is commented in the language of the Masorah. All these examples are treated in a very uniform way, with a similar structure. These trees are later combined between them obtaining a more consistent and reproductively result. One interesting characteristic of the technique in an exploratory approach, as in the present study, is its capacity to provide a ranking of the best predictors included in each single model, counting the times that each predictor was located at the first node, the most discriminant one, among all the obtained trees.
This strategy provides a high discriminative result, comparable to a classical Tree Decision technique, but avoiding overfitting. In this study, trees were executed including the 19 predictors and taking the three composites, in separate analyses, as variables to be discriminated. Gain ratio rule was applied as a splitting criterion There are no standard criteria to decide how many predictors have to be selected between the most discriminant one to be analyzed later in a standard inferential statistical procedure. In this study, the first 5 predictors were selected for each composite.
These predictors were later analyzed together in a multivariate lineal regression, using a stepwise selection procedure to identify the final significant variables. A test for multicollinearity was executed in each regression analysis. Moreover, to describe the ability to discriminate between both groups, sensitivity and specificity values were calculated for the 3-factor scores using Logistic Regression analyses.
Corrections for multiple comparisons were done using Bonferroni correction. FBB-PET images were acquired for all subjects of the study in a 90 days window after the baseline visit. The SUVR were calculated in aggregate cortical regions-of-interest ROIs for the frontal association cortex constituted by inferior opercularis, triangularis, orbitalis , superior and middle gyri aside from the supplementary motor area; the precuneus, posterior cingulate and lateral parietal cortices PPCLP ; and Global cortex.
Besides aggregates, the SUVR from segmented structures were also explored as targets for the current study. Prior to the evaluation a written informed consent was obtained from all participants. The referral center ethics committee approved the patient recruitment and collection protocols were in accordance with ethical standards according to WMA Declaration of Helsinki-Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects.
The sponsors were not involved in the study design, data collection, analysis or interpretation. The sponsors have reviewed the manuscript and have given their approval. She received fees for lectures and funds for research from Araclon, Grifols, Nutricia, Roche and Servier.
She has not received personal compensations from these organizations. Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Published online Feb Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Received May 11; Accepted Feb 1. To view a copy of this license, visit http: This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Results Subject Characteristics The mean age of the participants was Table 1 General characteristics of the participants.
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Mean SD Range Age Open in a separate window. Mean age of the subjects, typical deviation and range. Table 2 Pattern and structure matrix for Principal Component Analysis with oblim rotation of 3-factor solution from which regression weighted factor scores were derived for each subject. Neuropsychological assessment As detailed elsewhere 38 , in the FACEHBI project, subjects were administered an extensive neuropsychological protocol which included the NBACE 43 , 44 and some additional neuropsychological tests and questionnaires. Statistical analysis Statistical analysis of the clinical variables was performed using SPSS version Ethical standards Prior to the evaluation a written informed consent was obtained from all participants.
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